Außenansicht Grenzlandmuseum

Historical context

The divided region

For more than 40 years…

Germany was divided in two different states by an almost 1,400 km long border. A border which the GDR secured with an inhuman border regime including mines, metal fences, restricted areas and forced resettlements. A border between a liberal democracy and an authoritarian dictatorship. A border which separated families and structures that had evolved over hundreds of years. One of the regions which suffered most from this border was the divided Eichsfeld region.

Today…

The Borderland Museum Eichsfeld is located at the site of the former inner-German border crossing point Duderstadt/Worbis. This border crossing point was established on June 21th 1973 after the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany had agreed on rules for border traffic in the “Basic Treaty”. Until 1989 nearly 6 million travelers used this border crossing point, a small opening in a fortified “Iron Curtain”.

Außenansicht bei Nacht
Lichtinstallation
Heißluftballon über dem Grenzlandmuseum

Chronicle

From border crossing point to museum

Innerdeutsche Grenze
1945

As a consequence of the crimes of the Nazi dictatorship between 1933 and 1945 and the Second World War, Germany is being occupied by the Allied forces. In 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany is founded as a liberal democracy in the three Western zones while in the Soviet zone a communist dictatorship, the German Democratic Republic (GDR), is formed.

Further Stages of German Division
Kinder vor innerdeutsche Grenze
1952

In May/June 1952, the GDR starts fortifying the inner-German border. Connections between the two German states are cut off. This concerns almost all road and railroad connections, including the main road between Worbis (Thuringia) and Duderstadt (Lower Saxony).

Grenzübergang im Eichsfeld
1972

In December 1972 the “Basics Treaty” between East and West Germany is ratified. As one of its consequences, four new inner-German border crossing points are built, including the one in the Eichsfeld region.

1973

In June 1973, the border crossing point Duderstadt-Worbis is inaugurated. Until 1989 it is primarily used by West Germans for one- or two-day family visits in the East.

Öffnung der innerdeutschen Grenzübergänge
1989/1990

Mass escapes from the GDR as well as mass protests take place from late summer and autumn 1989. As a result of public pressure, the inner German border crossing points are opened up on November 9th 1989 and the following days. The very last border controls only end on June 30th 1990. On October 3rd 1990 Germany is reunified.

The History of the Museum
Eröffnung des Grenzlandmuseums
1995

On November 11th 1995, the Borderland Museum Eichsfeld is opened inside what used to be an administration and control building of the former East German border crossing point Worbis. Successively the museum is extended by exhibitions in other preserved buildings, such as former observation towers and customs buildings.

Bildungsstätte
2000

In June 2000 an educational center was added to the museum’s facilities. It is located inside the former canteen building of the border crossing point. The building holds seminar rooms, a library and the archive. The same year, the 6 km long Borderland Trail was overhauled with information panels.

2010

In June 2000 an educational center was added to the museum’s facilities. It is located inside the former canteen building of the border crossing point. The building holds seminar rooms, a library and the archive. The same year, the 6 km long Borderland Trail was overhauled with information panels.

2012

In 2012, the observation tower of the East German border troops on the Borderland Trail was refurbished and reopened. It can be visited during guided tours. Also, a new exhibition pavilion about the European Green Belt was opened on the museum’s areal the following year.

Lernort Grenzlandmuseum
2016

Until 2016, the Borderland Museum Eichsfeld had been managed in an honorary capacity. With the partial reorientation of the museum and its educational offers, the program includes various offers for people of all ages and backgrounds.

Licht- und Klangkunstinstallation „Niemandsland – Zwischen zwei Welten“
2019/2020

On the anniversary of 30 years since the Peaceful Revolution, the opening of the border and the re-unification of Germany, the Borderland Museum offered many cultural activities and events. Among them was a big light and sound art installation in November 2019.

Our team

Contact persons

Mira Keune
Mira Keune

Director

Telefon: 036071/900010

E-Mail: m.keune@grenzlandmuseum.de

Raphaela Otto

Accounting

Telefon: 036071/90000

E-Mail: bildungsstaette@grenzlandmuseum.de

Agnes Eckardt
Agnes Eckardt

Visitor Information

Telefon: 036071/97112

E-Mail: info@grenzlandmuseum.de

Educational Program
Patrick Hoffmann
Patrick Hoffmann

Contemporary History

Telefon: 036071/97997

E-Mail: p.hoffmann@grenzlandmuseum.de

D20444_Team_Georg_Baumert
Georg Baumert

Environmental Education (Green Belt)

Telefon: 036071/900014

E-Mail: g.baumert@grenzlandmuseum.de

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Franziska Bömeke

Teaching Staff (History)

Telefon: 036071/900012

E-Mail: f.boemeke@grenzlandmuseum.de

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Konstanze Erben

Teaching Staff (German)

Telefon: 036071/900012

E-Mail: k.erben@grenzlandmuseum.de

Sandy Konrady
Sandy Konradi

Teaching Staff (Politics)

Telefon: 036071/900012

E-Mail: s.konradi@grenzlandmuseum.de

Library and Archive
Stephan Berndt
Stephan Berndt

Archive

Telefon: 036071/900015

E-Mail: s.berndt@grenzlandmuseum.de

Silhouette Mitarbeiter
Tatjana Krowas

Library

Telefon: 036071/900017

E-Mail: t.krowas@grenzlandmuseum.de

Ludger_Windolph
Ludger Windolph

Archive and Media

Telefon: 036071/900015

E-Mail: l.windolph@grenzlandmuseum.de

Federal Programme “Live Democracy!”
Ulrike Fricke
Ulrike Fricke

Telefon: 036071/900018

E-Mail: koordinierungsstelle@toleranz-foerdern-eichsfeld.de

Silhouette Mitarbeiter
Andrea Heinemann

Telefon: 036071/900018

E-Mail: koordinierungsstelle@toleranz-foerdern-eichsfeld.de

Building Services
Rene Kraus
René Krause

Telefon: 036071/97112

E-Mail: info@grenzlandmuseum.de

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Matthias Jagelski

Telefon: 036071/97112

E-Mail: info@grenzlandmuseum.de

Federal Volunteers Service
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Inga Peters

Volunteer in 2020/21

Telefon: 036071/97112

E-Mail: fsj-grenzlandmuseum@grenzlandmuseum.de

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Holger Sommerfeld

Volunteer in 2020/21

Telefon: 036071/97112

E-Mail: info@grenzlandmuseum.de

Job Offers

More Information in German

Besucher Eingangsbereich

Association

Nonprofit organization and legal entity

The supporting association of the Borderland Museum Eichsfeld was founded in 1996 and today has around 200 members.

The association runs the Borderland Museum. With the museum it aims to document the division of Germany and the Eichsfeld region and to take responsibility for a democratic and peaceful development in today’s Germany.

The museum is to make an important contribution to historical-political education and the creation of a critical awareness of history.

Presidency
Horst Dornieden
HORST DORNIEDEN

President

Wolfgang Nolte
WOLFGANG NOLTE

Vice President

Donation

Support the Borderland Museum Eichsfeld

Contribute
Invest in the preservation of the
historical facilities and buildings

Sparkasse Duderstadt
IBAN: DE96 2605 1260 0001 3819 61
BIC: NOLADE21DUD

Thank you for your support!

Networks

Links and information about our partners

The Borderland Museum Eichsfeld is an active member in the following networks of memorial sites, museums and institutions dealing with the contemporary history of Germany (information below in German):

Thüringer Geschichtsverbund zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur

 

Im Jahr 2009 gründete sich der Thüringer Geschichtsverbund, um Akteur*innen der Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur in Thüringen in ihrer Zusammenarbeit und Vielfalt zu bestärken und besser zu vernetzen.

Der Geschichtsverbund hat über 20 Mitglieder bestehend aus Erinnerungsorten, Gedenkstätten, Beratungsstellen und historisch-politischen Bildungseinrichtungen.

Im Geschichtsverbund werden Themen diskutiert und Positionen formuliert, die dann gemeinsam vertreten werden. Der regelmäßige Erfahrungs- und Meinungsaustausch bereichert und bestärkt die Arbeit.

Von 2014 bis 2021 hatte das Grenzlandmuseum Eichsfeld den Vorsitz im Thüringer Geschichtsverbund.

 

Zeitgeschichte im Zentrum

 

In der Mitte Deutschlands haben sich zwei Museen und zwei KZ-Gedenkstätten zusammengeschlossen: KZ-Gedenkstätte Moringen • KZ-Gedenkstätte Mittelbau Dora • Grenzlandmuseum Eichsfeld • Museum Friedland.

Hier überschneiden sich zeitgeschichtliche Themen und ergänzen einander.

Gemeinsam laden wir ein, an diesen besonderen historischen Orten Geschichte(n) und ihre Zusammenhänge zu verstehen. Zeitgeschichte steht im Zentrum und verbindet.

 

Netzwerk Eiserner Vorhang

 

Das Netzwerk „Stätten des Eisernen Vorhangs“ verbindet zwölf Einrichtungen und Orte miteinander, die beispielhaft Aspekte der einstigen Systemkonfrontation in der Zeit des Kalten Krieges und der Teilung Deutschlands und Europas verkörpern.

Der Verbund wurde im Jahre 2011 mit dem Europäischen Kulturerbesiegel ausgezeichnet. Die beteiligten Einrichtungen haben es sich zur Aufgabe gemacht, die einstige Bedrohung, aber auch deren Überwindung, an künftige Generationen zu vermitteln. Durch ihre pädagogischen Angebote wollen sie zur kritischen Auseinandersetzung mit der jüngsten Geschichte einladen und damit für die Bedeutung von demokratischen Grundwerten und Rechtsstaatlichkeit sensibilisieren.

Die Mitglieder des Netzwerks treffen sich regelmäßig zum Erfahrungs- und Informationsaustausch und besprechen mögliche Kooperationsprojekte innerhalb des Verbundes.